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Indicated in the cases of obstructive azoospermia, Sperms are retrieved and used for ICSI

Testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) involves the direct removal of sperms from the testicles which can then be used for ICSI

  1. Obstructive azoospermia - Percutaneous testicular sperm retrieval
  2. Non Obstructive azoospermia - Microscopic testicular sperm retrieval